Family History Part 2

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Haworth Family History Part 2 by Sharon Castle


Slide 1: Title Page

Family History Part 2:  George in Bucks County, PA

Haworth Virtual Reunion Day

Sharon Castle and Marilyn Totten

Slide 2:  Map of Lower Bucks Co. (Figure 19)


Thank you Marilyn for Part 1.  As we begin, we know that George survived “The Sick Ship.” He had sister Mary already living in Delaware and a cousin James living near Philadelphia. So he disembarked on the shores of Delaware, weak and dehydrated, and made his way to his sister’s home. There, he spent a week recovering, visiting, and grieving. He wrote to this mother: “ I staid there one week, and then set sail in a sloop for Philadelphia…and then came into the County of Bucks where my cousins James Haworth dwells and dwelleth near to him.”  So in 1699, at age 23, our George had arrived in British America and started his life in Bucks County.

So let’s look at some locations on this map of Bucks County.  We see Philadelphia where he arrived.  We see (F) Bristol and Bristol Township, where George lived at first near his cousin.  Just to the east is (E) Falls Township, home of William Penn’s Pennsbury Manor, and the Township in George will be married.  (A) In Buckingham Township the black rectangle shows George’s farm.  (C and D) is Makefield Township where George lived while he was clearing his land. (B) Solebury Township is where George’s wife, Sarah, was from and where they lived until their own farm was cleared.  So this gives us a sense of George’s life in Bucks County. 

Slide 3: In His Own Words “I hired myself out for a year and had about L19 wages in the year and since I was free [not indentured] I work by the piece or by the day.”


We are extremely fortunate to have the text of 8 letters that George wrote home to his family in England; I will quote from them and you can read them on the Haworth Association website. 

George worked as a weaver and a farmer. (read quote) He said the land was good and bad with hills and vales, he found great abundance. “Victuals is good and plenty . . . and there is many sorts of wood.”

Slide 4:  Map of George’s Land (from website) 


After two and a half years, George had saved enough money to buy land; our Haworth family’s first land in America. Think what this must have meant. In England, land was divided into manors overseen by Lords and landed gentry, and sections of manors were leased out to be worked by commoners and peasants. Most people never dreamed of owning their own land. Therefore, buying his own land in America would have meant a great deal to our George.

Slide 5:  Photo of George’s Land (website)

George wrote to this family in England that “I live a single life and hath builded a Shop, and doth follow weaving of linen cloth, but I have bought 450 acres of land in the Woods, but doth not live on it yet.”  In the northern corner of Buckingham Township. The land was primeval forest and would need to be cleared and have a house built on it before George could live there. At some point he moved from Bristol north to Makefield Township which would have been closer to his land.

Slide 6:  Map of Haworth and Scarborough Land (from Haworth Association website)

            On September 28, 1710 at Falls Meeting, George Haworth, age 34, married Sarah Scarborough, age 16, daughter of John and Mary Scarborough. Her father, John, was a farmer and a Quaker preacher, and owned 510 acres in Solebury Township. When George and Sarah were married, her parents built a cabin for them on their land , since George’s wasn’t ready. They lived there for 5-6 years. 

Slide 7:  Photo of Scarborough Land (website)

             In 1715, George wrote the following to his brother which gives us an idea of what life was like:

The greatest share of people in our parts is called Quakers and Meetings are kept in good order, there is a great many meeting houses built. We make our own cloth both linen and wollen and sometimes I weave for wages I clears land and plows I count I have 100 bushels of Corn this year, very good wheat Rye and Barley and Indian corn, I plant trees and hath Apples Peaches and Cherries and I have good land and wants more hands to help me. I have 4 Cows and 4 Horses and 31 Swine. . . Philadelphia is our greatest town we have . . . Bristol is a market town . . . We have a fine large country with great conveniency in it . . . My Son is 2 years 5 months old his name is Stephanus.

 Slide 8:  Children

            Between 1713 and 1724 George and Sarah had 7 children:  Stephanus, Rachel, Absalom, John, James, Mary, and George Jr.  Represented here today are Stephanus, Absalom, John, and James!

Sometime around 1722/1723, George and Sarah and their children finally moved to George’s 450 acres in Buckingham Township. Their last child was born there.

Slide 9: Buckingham Friends Meeting (Figure 24)

George, Sarah, and their children were originally members of Falls Quaker Meeting, the Meeting in which they were married and that William Penn attended. Sarah’s family attended Solebury Meeting.  When Buckingham Friends Meeting was organized in 1720, the Haworth and Scarborough families followed the standard process, transferring their memberships to the new meeting and becoming founding members. It is still a thriving Meeting today.

Slide 10:  George’s Will (Figure 25)

 George died on his own farm on November 28, 1724, at age 48, only 2 years after moving there. He was probably buried in the Friends Burial Ground at Buckingham Friends Meeting. We do not know the cause of his death, but we know he had been ill. In January, 1724 he had written his Will, “being sick of body but of a perfect mind and memory.” George left all of his land and personal estate to his Wife until she married or died at which time the land would be equally divided among his surviving children. Note that John Scarborough, Sarah’s father, signed the Will. 

Sarah married Mathew Hall in 1731. Subsequently, George’s land was divided among six of his children. Sarah died in 1748, age 53, and records show that she was buried in the Friends Burial Grounds at Buckingham Friends Meeting.

Slide 11: George’s Signature

George and his children became landowners in British America. Some of them stayed on their land, while others sold their parcels and moved. His children and descendants followed common Quaker migration routes, bought and cleared land, started Quaker meetings and schools, until they covered the US from PA to the West Coast.               

Think about it.  In 1676, in a cottage in a small hamlet in the countryside of England, a boy was born. There was nothing particularly remarkable about this occurrence. He was not royalty, nor did his family belong to the class of landed gentry. Perhaps his parents felt glad for another pair of hands for the farm. Yet, this baby boy grew up to become one of the earliest Quakers and the original immigrant ancestor to thousands of Haworths. His American descendants included a U.S. President (Herbert Hoover) and a famous movie star (Rita Hayworth) just to make a couple.

But, as Abraham Lincoln said, the real doing of history will be accomplished by the great number of “plain people.” Our “plain people” forged or followed major migration routes that took them to Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, California, and Oregon. In each place, some of these pioneers became the settlers who cleared farms and built towns with churches, schools, businesses, and post offices.

George Haworth’s birth may not have been remarkable at the time, but his life and legacy are remarkable to us now. His life and the lives of his descendants represent the stories of early immigration, of the building of the United States from east to west, and of Quakerism in America. He is our immigrant ancestor. These “plain people” who did the work of history are our people. We are who we are, because of who they were and what they did.

Slide 12:  Questions?

James Haworth Part 2  (click for view of slides) by Marilyn Totten


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